Top 15 Angular Interview Questions and Answers for 2022
Ques.1 What is Angular? Why was it introduced?
Que.2 What are the advantages of using Angular?
Ans.2 An extraordinary windfalls of utilizing the Angular framework are listed below:
- It supports two-way data-binding
- Angular obeys MVC pattern architecture
- Supports static templates and Angular template
- You can add a custom directive
- It also supports RESTfull services
- Validations are supported
- Client and server communication is facilitated
- Support for dependency injection
- Has strong features like Event Handlers, Animation, etc.
Ques.3 What is data binding? Which type of data binding does Angular deploy?
Ans.3 Data binding is a manifestation that authorizes any internet user to manipulate Web page elements utilizing a Web browser. It utilizes dynamic HTML and does not need complex scripting or programming. We practice data binding in web pages that comprise interactive elements such as forms, calculators, tutorials, and games. The incremental display of a webpage makes data binding convenient when pages have a massive amount of data.
Angular utilizes the two-way binding. Any modifications made to the user interface are recognized in the corresponding model state. Contrary, any transformations in the model state are expressed in the UI state. This authorizes the framework to relate the DOM to the Model data via the controller. However, this procedure affects performance since every change in the DOM has to be tracked.
Ques.4 What are Angular expressions?
Ques.5 What are templates in Angular?
Ans.5 Templates in Angular are composed of HTML that comprises Angular-specific elements and attributes. These templates are integrated with information coming from the model and controller which are further rendered to provide a dynamic view to the user.
Ques.6 In Angular what is string interpolation?
Ques.7 What are Directives in Angular?
Ans.7 Directives are attributes that authorize the user to write new HTML syntax specific to their applications. They enforce whenever the Angular compiler discovers them in the DOM. Angular supports three types of directives.
- Component Directives
- Structural Directives
- Attribute Directives
Ques.8 Explain Components, Modules, and Services in Angular
Ans.8 Modules, components, and services are classes that use decorators. These decorators mark their type and provide metadata that tells Angular how to use them. The metadata for a component class associates it with a template that defines a view.
We have one or more components at the heart of every Angular App. In fact, in the real world, we establish complicated apps that contain tens of components. The data, HTML markup, and logic for a view behind the perspective are all encapsulated in a Component. Component-based design is embraced by Angular, allowing us to work on smaller, more maintainable portions that may also be reused in different places.
Every application must have at least one component, referred to as the app component or root component. Starting with the app component, a real-world Angular app is effectively a tree of components.
A module is a container that clenches a collection of connected components. Every angular app comprises at least one module, which we pertain to as the app module. We may want to divide our modules into smaller, more maintainable modules as our application expands. As the program broadens, we will require to subdivide our app module into smaller modules, each of which will be responsible for a distinct section. It has components that are connected.
Angular services are singleton objects that are instantiated only once during an application’s lifetime. They comprise methods for preserving data during the life of an application, i.e., data is not refreshed and is always available.
Ques.9 State some differences between Angular 11 and Angular 12
Ans.9 In the study of Angular version 11 vs Angular version 12, we have comprehended the distinctions in their performances, the deprecation, and up-gradation in comprising features that change the core structure of the framework. With the rising popularity of the framework, we are expecting a beta version around spring.
|Angular 11||Angular 12|
|TypeScript 3.9||TypeScript 4.0|
|Enabled ES5 builds||Faster Builds|
|Language-service-specific compiler||Ngcc compiler|
|Optional Stricter Settings||Webpack 5 Support|
|Converting pre-Ivy code||Automatic Inlining of Fonts|
|TSLint v6||Migration to ESLint|
|Deprecation of ESM5 or FESM5 bundles||Deprecation of IE 9, 10, and IE mobile|
|Recovered Service Worker stores||Clear API surface|
|Updated to TSLib 2.9||Updates on Operation Byelog|
|New Default Browser Configuration||Updated Language Service Preview|
Ques.10 What are Promises and Observables in Angular?
Ans.10 While both the concepts deal with Asynchronous events in Angular, Promises handle one such event at a time while observables handle a sequence of events over some time.
Promises – They emit a single value at a time. They execute immediately after creation and are not cancellable. They are Push errors to the child’s promises.
Observables – They are only executed when subscribed to them using the subscribe() method. They emit multiple values over a period of time. They help perform operations like for Each, filter, and retry, among others. They deliver errors to the subscribers. When the unsubscribe() method is called, the listener stops receiving further values.
Ques.11 What is AOT?
Ans.11 AOT stands for Angular Ahead-of-Time compiler. It is utilized for pre-compiling the application components and along with their templates during the build process. Angular applications which are amassed with AOT have a smaller launching time. Also, elements of these applications can enforce immediately, without expecting any client-side compilation. Templates in these applications are embedded as code within their components. It lessens the desire for downloading the Angular compiler which redeems you from a cumbersome task. AOT compiler can discard the unused directives which are further thrown out using a tree-shaking tool.
Ques.12 Explain JQLite.
Ans.12 jQlite also known as jQuery lite is a subset of jQuery and comprises all its features. It is packaged within Angular, by default. It assists Angular to manipulate the DOM in a way that is compatible with cross-browser. jQLite basically implements only the most commonly preferred functionality which results in having a small footprint.
Ques.13 Explain the process of the digest cycle in Angular?
Ans.13 The digest cycle in Angular is a process of regulating the watchlist for maintaining a track of modifications in the value of the watch variable. In each digest cycle, Angular correlates the previous and the new version of the scope model values. Generally, this process is accelerated implicitly but you can activate it manually as well by using $apply().
Ques.14 What is bootstrapping in Angular?
Ans.14 Bootstrapping in Angular is nothing but initializing or starting the Angular app. Angular supports automatic and manual bootstrapping.
- Automatic Bootstrapping: this is fulfilled by adding the ng-app directive to the root of the application, typically on the tag or tag if you want angular to bootstrap your application automatically. When Angular finds the ng-app directive, it burdens the module associated with it and then compiles the DOM.
- Manual Bootstrapping: Manual bootstrapping furnishes you with more control over how and when to initialize your Angular application. It is useful when you want to perform any other operation before Angular wakes up and compiles the page.
Ques.15 What are Angular building blocks?
Ans.15 The main building blocks for Angular are modules, components, templates, metadata, data binding, directives, services, and dependency injection. We will be looking at it in a while. Angular does not have a concept of “scope” or controllers; instead, it uses a hierarchy of components as its main architectural concept.